Tuesday, October 23, 2007

AQWF Trench Journal - Battlefield Orders

In World War I a 3" mortar is essentially a short, stumpy tube designed to fire a projectile at a steep angle so that it falls straight down on the enemy. The mortar was used to get revenge or kill the enemies on the opposite side of the trenches. When you know that an enemy is in the opposite trench but you just can't see them, you can launch the mortar and kill or paralyze them.

The flamethrower sometimes was used to shoot out liquid gases or flames. It was used to help kill people without you having to leave your trench. Even though you are able to use the flamethrower it doesn't mean that is the only thing you should use during the war. You have other tools to use so you should use them.

While early aircraft pilots were unarmed, they began to used handheld weapons and even throwing spears to attack other aircraft enemies. As the war continued, technological advances were made, one being machine guns equipped onto the air carfts themselves by the interrupter gear, which was a German invention that allowed a machine gun to be mounted right behind the propeller so the pilot could fire directly ahead, along the plane's flight path, making it a little easier to fire at targets.

A weapon that was a serious threat in the Great War was the submarine. The United Kingdom relied heavily on imports to feed its population and supply its war industry, and the German navy hoped to starve and weaken Britian armies by using U-boats, a type of submarine used in the war to attck merchant ships.

Machine guns are usually designed to fire rifle cartidges typically at one hundred rounds per minute. They are used to fire at enemies more rapidly than you could manually. Each individual soldier was given a gun and they used it more than any other items they had because when they went on the front and had to perform a quick reaction to one of the enemies you would not use the flamethrower you would use the machine gun.

Tanks are made of heavy armor as well as a high degree of mobiliy that gave it survivability, while the tracks allow it to cross even rough terrain at high speeds. They were invented to break the deadlock of the trenches and was enabling troops to cross a certain area.

No Man's Land is a term used by soldiers to describe the ground between the two opposing trenches. In World War I tear gas and the severe mustard gas were the most posionous gas there were. The killing capacity gas was limited to 4% of combat deaths. Gases were part of the soldier's major fears and they didn't want to leave the trenches becuase of the gas. Since World War I was a war with the use of high explosives it gave rise to an occasionally expressed view of World War I as "The Chemists War."

Red Baron was an airplane flyer who was known for flying a blazing red airplane and shoot down plane after plane in World War I. His achievements made him both a hero and a propaganda tool. He was famous for the fact that he was credited with 80 confirmed air combat victories. He died of a single .303 bullet that caused such severe damage to his heart and lungs.

The Schlieffen Plan was to win a two-front war quickly by winning in the West again before the Russian Steamroller would be able to mobilize and attack East Prussia. Due to the French's counterattack, the plan failed because of the French counter plan. In his death, it caused the Austria-Hungary to stamp its authority onto the Serbians, for they believed it was the Serbian government that implicated the death of Aarchduke Franz Ferdinand.

Helen Burrey was fascinated by all the advances for the patients in the trains as well as hospitals. She also worked with gassed patients in a train when they were separated from each other on the train.

Trench used in France during World War IIn some way, Pal battalions were effective for they boosted moral within people, when surrounded by friends and people they knew. Though it was ineffective in some ways becuase multitudes of men went forward to die, because they were blinded a little by the fact that they lost a family member, friend, or close companion in the gun fire.

Monday, October 22, 2007

Trench Journal - Literary Analysis

Chapter 1:

Paul Baumer begins the story with his friends Albert Kropp, Muller, and Leer. These boys are from the same home town, they had class together at age 18. and the only reason they joined was because they had a teacher named Kantorek and he pushed them to. Paul is convienced that you don’t mess with short little men because they have a lot of energy than the big fellows. They talk among themselves about food, or just remain silent.


Disconcerted: "The cook was quite disconcerted as the facts dawned on him." (Remarque, Pg. 4)

Means: to disturb the self-possession of; ruffle.

Matron: "His mother, a good plump matron, brought him to the station." (Remarque, Pg. 15)

Means: a married woman who is mature and staid or dignified and has an established social position.

War can drive a man to think differently like Paul states that this war could be a better war if they got more sleep but even if they did get plenty of sleep war will still be the same. It will be sad, bloody and tiring bcause of the battles and the dead that lays all over the land. One day Paul and his friends go to visit there friend in the hospital, Franz isn’t doing to well they think he is going to die because of his foot was removed. Kropp arrogance makes him unaware of the situation, that he is making Franz feel bad about his lost watch and his boats even though Franz treats them as is priced positions. Luckily Paul is there to stop Kropp from telling Franz that he is going to die and wouldn't need them anymore.

I think this chapter is about respecting what you have before it’s gone because they don't realize how important something is until its gone. War is a trap because you can't return home or anywhere else and you must stay and fight even though it is life threatening. Friends are lost in war on the battle field if your friend drops do you think he is dead and leave or do you look to see if he still alive. If you don't see if he is still alive he might appear again only to die right in front of you but if you do check he might still be alive with the cost of your own life. When you loose something important only then can you realize how important it is until it's gone. This chapter shows a message to the reader that you have to realize what is important to you, to hold onto it and protect it from enemy's that wish to take it from you.

A man throws a bomb towards the US flag but it returns because it is connected to a boomerang. Paul’s feelings are very confused right now because he tryed to helped a French soldier even though he was an enemy, Paul still try to help him live. Paul tryed to send his feelings to the wind so he could kill the French soldier but his feelings return, so he couldn't kill him. Since Paul was unable to kill the soldier he trys to help him but it ends up blownin up in his face because the guy dies right in front of him. The political cartoon shows a man throwing a bomerang at the flag of the US the man throwing the bomerang is Paul and the boomrand represents his feelings but they return the bomb connected to the boomrang explodes in Pauls face because the man dies. Paul trys to save the man, sadly though the man dies instead but at least Paul was able to show some hope of compassion left within him, it also shows there is still hope that Paul can remain human while he still is at war.

Chapter 2:

Reflecting onto his past memories Paul sees himself as a changed person; he can’t understand the life he had before he became to war. He remembers his first time in a platoon under Corporal Himmelstoss, all the hard training they went through helped them to be prepared for war. If he wasn’t in that platoon before he came to the front he might not survive the pressure of death. Paul goes to visit Kemmerich, his friend in the hospital who has given up hope and believes that he will die. Paul try’s to convince him that he will live and go home because he remembers that his mother is waiting for him. Paul's thoughts wonder to his mother telling him to watch over Kemmerich but how is he suppose to watch him on the battlefield. If he really did watch Kemmerich he probably would have gotten himself killed, he is just a beginner too in this whole mess of a war. The hour comes and Kemmerich is finally dead with the wish to give the shoes to Muller, Paul returns and gives up the shoes.


Infuriated: "Once, indeed, I became so infuriated that I ran at him blindly and gave him a mighty jab in the stomach and knocked him down." (Remarque, Pg. 24)

Means: to make furious

Revile: "I won't revile any more, it is senseless, I could drop down and never rise up again." (Remarque, Pg. 32)

Means: to speak abusively

Paul wants Kemmerich to live even though the odds are against him he is probably still mad at Muller for wanting to take Kemmerich shoes and telling him that he shouldn't have taken the watch with him to war. His thoughts probably wonder to Kemmerich's mother about what is he going to say when or if he returns home. Will Kemmerich mother say that he should have die out in the battlefield like Kemmerich? Will she ask why didn't he die instead of Kemmerich? Will he have the courage to go and tell Kemmerich's mother how Kemmerich dead or will he lie about it? With feelings of sadness of his friend death, as well as anger towards Muller for wanting Kemmerich's shoes, Paul is still shacken up from the effects of war.

I learn war is a dangerous thing and just like the politcial cartoon says your own your own no one can save you but yourself. War is a hard thing to deal with, if you don't have the strength to hold back your feelings in war they will only break you. If you think that everything is your fault out on the battlefield and think about you just killed a life you will crazy. When you are at war you can't think about anything, you can't think about your feelings, or even how the guy feels about you shouting him. War isn't a game, war is real and even if you don't like war means death for anyone that steps onto that battlefield.

Paul's emotions are scattered, he is confused about the war and about his feeling towards his friends he is like a ship skinning from the weight of emotions. The ship is skinning because of effects of the war, Paul is confused and unsure about his surrounds but, he is still determined to stay alive. Along with the confusing about war, he is worried about his injure friend who might die. His friend's mother ask him to watch over him but, Paul is unable to do such. Paul wonders and knows that no one can keep an eye on someone in war. Like a ship skinning Paul thoughts wonder to the possible of why wasn't he able to keep a better eye on him then he probably wishes that the doctors could give his friend better treatment than they are doing right now. The ship represents him seeking because of his feelings, physicaly and mentaly he is seeking in this war because he can only see war.
Chapter 3:
New soldiers come to the platoon that Paul and his friends are in right now. They showed off to the new soldiers as to say they have been here for a long time and to show that they aren't scared of the battlefield. Kat, Paul’s friend is an expert at finding things; he can find food, chairs, tables, and other odd items. They have a theory that if you train a dog to eat potatoes and you give it a little piece of meat the dog will snap at it. They see the same effect for other soldiers if you give it a little bite of authority they will snap just as well. War can change a man to become stronger so they can survive the war or they will break from the pressure. Himmelstoss there first drill officer is finally coming to the fronts. They all have nice memories of whipping him for revenge for all the things he did to them. They are also looking forward to having him come to the fronts so they can make his life more miserable.


Uncanny: " It is uncanny; one would think that it conjured out of the air." (Remarque, Pg. 45)

Means: having a supernatural or explicable basis

Insignificant: "And the more insignificant a man has been in civil life the worse it takes him." (Remarque, Pg. 45)
Means: too small to be important

Paul behavior, feelings has changed from when he was home to when he joined the platoon to become to hateful and seeking for revenge. Sure Himmelstoss could have gone a little easier on them as there drill officer but he was only doing his job to make them perpared for war. If he wasn't hard them how could they surive in war with the pressure of the death, and just mentaly. In a way they think they respect him just a little but the most of it they hate him for making them go through the torture. I think Paul doesn't have such a big revenge on Himmelstoss as Meller does but he still is hateful towards him. War can change someboby towards hatred because there emotions are going crazy from everything else so they have to put there hatred onto somebody and that's what Himmelstoss is an object for them to throw there feelings at.

This chapter shows the hatred the group has against Himmelstoss for everything he made them go through. Even though they all ready did there revenge against him they still wish to give him more torture for more revenage of the past and to get what the rest of there feelings out from the war. They are all putting it on Himmelstoss like it is his fault they they are going through this. They also probably want to see if he can deal with the pressure of war, to see if he can talk the talk as well as walk the walk. At the platoon he sure did talk the talk of having them do drills after drills to have them prepared for war but is he prepared. Paul is starting to forget about how it was like before the war and he is probably is starting to think that war is life, as well as there is nothing else but war.
This represents Paul and Kat's friendship because you can compare them to a chain that is unbreakable or dependable on. Even though they have to separate sometimes they have other people to hang out with.
Chapter 4:

War is miserable, people are dieing, bombs are exploding, the since of death and an alien world creeps over this no man’s land. Paul and his friends are on the battle field, war changes a man they hear the sounds of war. The crying death of the horses and of the men, Paul’s mood for this chapter changed to being scared to being brave. I consider him to be very brave to be able to survive through the miserable sound of war, and survive the gas as well as those who got hurt. War changes a person to being innocence to evolving to being use to the sounds of death but really you can’t really get use to the sounds of war it will always be with you. You will wake up one night sweating and thinking of the battle field, the dead, also your friends who died in the war. The war will always be with you and you can’t escape from it.


Reverberation: "The roar of the guns makes our lorry stagger, the reverberation rolls raging away to the rear, everything quakes." (Remarque, Pg. 53)

Means: a reechoed sound

Tapering: "They slide along it like gigantic tapering rulers." (Remarque, Pg. 59)
Means: a source of feeble light

Confused in war Paul becomes a soldier, a beast that you can command and he will go to do what he is told which is to kill the enemy. Paul can't escape war he becomes more use to war as it progress. He is trapped in war he can not escape it. He is becoming more like an animal hunting for his prey, his enemy's. He follows orders when he is on the battlefield to stay alive, but when he returns to the safty of his hut he has no respect for his officers, espcially Himmelstoss. Paul is brave to be able to survive through the misery of war, to be able to stand the pressure of death, of the sreams of war. He has surive longer than some unfortunate soldiers but is he fortunate to stay alive and fight longer in this war. Does he consider himself fortunate to stay live in this war, for now I think is fortunate that he is still live but how long will he be fortunate, I don't think this will contiune to be this way.

I learn that war is a dangerous thing that once once you do something over and over again it becomes natural, you can't change your habits. You will be come so used to it that you will forget about living a different life than the one your living now. War can change people they evolve so they can surive in war. They don't think about there feelings or any else's because that would only break them. Soldiers are strong because of this but it is also there weak points because when they come how can they change back to there normal selfs. The answer is they can't war effects soldiers so much, they have nightmares, they have memories of war, of death, they can never escape from war. Soldiers are a prisons of war, that is what I learn that no matter what happens you will aways be a prison of war.

A man who represents Paul is stuck in bed, he is slowly getting better but he doesn’t want to leave because then he will have to go out again to fight. The dove is the nurse who comes and checks on him depending on how he is he will return or stay. Paul is the man hiding underneath the covers he is shy to the nurse and he is hiding from her because he doesn't want to leave. If she tells him he is better he will have to go out to war and fight agian. Paul wishes to stay in the safetly of the bed but he also has the strength to be able to leave and fight again.
Chapter 5:

Paul and his friends talk about the war after it is over, what would they do and will it ever be over. Some people have plans about returning to there farm and helping their wives but those who don’t have that they can’t see themselves returning to that normal life. They can only see the war because they think it is real and having peace time just seems like a joke. Himmelstoss shows himself to the group of friends, none of them show him any respect. Now that they have been on the battle field seen the blood and the sounds of war they don’t care at all about this man who just came to the front. Himmelstoss has no clue what war is like, he has no clue about the terrors of war and the sounds of the dead. Tjaden and Himmelstoss have a talking fight, Himmelstoss leaves stomping mad and returns for Tjaden but he isn’t around. Later they have a meeting about the punishment for Tjaden for showing disrespect to an officer but he didn’t get it to bad because Himmelstoss was also at fault. Paul and Kat go hunting for goose for dinner. Paul sees Kat as a brother at war they eat the goose together then take the rest to Tjaden and Kropp.


Insatiable: "Muller is insatiable and gives himself no peace." (Remarque, Pg. 77)

Means: incapable of being satisfied

Laconically: "How does the cow - **** come on the roof?" retorts Muller laconically, and turns to Haie Westhus again." (Remarque, Pg. 78)

Means: using few words

Paul returns to humanity with the help of his friends and food but the war is still not over. Very soon he will probably go back into the battle fields of death. They think of the past Paul doesn't see himself doing a job or anything like that he can only see himself on the battlefield. He is lost in war unable to escape it he has his own little human-self playing with his friends about Himmelstoss. Probably when he is thinking to himself he probably doesn't understand what is really going on but he just runs with the tide.

In this chapter I learn that don't always have to give some body your respect because they don't deserve it. I learn that if some body messes with you instead of getting in a fight you just ingore them, they don't even deserve to hear you say anything mean about them. They can dance and cry all they want but if you just ingore them they are sure to leave you along, or if that doesn't work you can only always talk them off then they will definitely leave you alone. Sure that isn't the polite but sometimes you have to reserve to that precaution.

This represents Paul writing letters to his mom, Kemmerich's mom and to anyone else because he didn't have anytime to visit them.

Chapter 6:

Paul and his friends are in there tents lately the rats have been all over the place eating their bread. They think of a way to kill them, by putting piece of bread in the center of the room then smashing them with there shoes. Paul and the Second Company are sent out to the battlefields. War changes a man into a beast when he is in danger the beast will run and survive by listening to their instincts. Then there are some who don’t listen to there instincts and they turn crazy because of the effects of war. Paul and his friends tie those who have gone crazy up so they will no go out of the trenches to get shot. Bombs are exploding and they head back to saftly. Paul finds Himmelstoss muttering to himself, he can’t handle the pressure of the sound or the deaths of war. Paul becomes angry that Himmelstoss is hiding here while the new recruits are out there dieing. He forces him out and Himmelstoss seems to return to normal. At the end of the day of war the second company has shrink to 32 men. They are not a company any more they are more like squads.


Bayonets: "We overhaul the bayonets - that is to say, the ones that have a saw on the blunt edge." (Remarque, Pg. 103)

Means: a blade adapted to fit the muzzled end of a rifle and used as a weapon in close combat

Equanimity: "Kat surprises Tjaden endeavoring with perfect equanimity to knock the driving band off a dud." ( Remarque, Pg. 127)

Means: mental or emotional stability or composure

There company is in ruins and Paul is probably very shacken up about what is happening around him. People are dieing, some are suffering, some are crying for help but no one can help them, they are on there own. Paul is angry at Himmelstoss sure he is new to all of this but he still has no right to hide from it all, while others are dieing out there and are in worster conditions than he is. Looks like Himmelstoss couldn't handle it, he talk the talk but he can't walk the walk. This part probably has Paul thinking he is more superiour than Himmelstoss because he can stand the war, he can stand the suffering going around him while Himmelstoss can't.

War is a dangerous place to be, you come in innocent but once you start, you can't stop tell it is finished, you have to survive so you have no choice but to kill. If you don't kill the enemy they will kill you. War is a battlefield you have to turn into a beast, ingnore your feelings, to be able to survive out in that battlefield. Some are weak minded and can't stand the pressure of it, Himmelstoss is one those. Although Paul isn't isn't one of them he is strongth, brave, and he can stand the pressure of war. He can go out onto that battlefield and do what he has to do to be able to survive, to be to able live one in this war.

This represents Paul and Tjaden because whenever Paul felt down or depressed Tjaden would give him a smoke of his cigarette or jsut give him his own. He didn't believe that it could happen but it did and he was one of the best people to be around.
Chapter 7:

Himmelstoss is defeated he becomes a helper in the kitchen, he gives the group some food in a way to say sorry and that he is meeting defeat. He probably can’t believe that they lasted longer out on the field than he has. The group finds this poster with a girl with a man all dress up and clean this poster seems unreal to them. They forgot that there was such a thing as a woman, seeing it for a first time in a long time they can't believe that such a pretty thing can exist. They are the iron youth in the army but they don’t remember much about how it feels to be away from the war. They go swimming and they meet really girls, later they take some food to there house. Paul has a pass that says he doesn’t have to go to the front for a while, so he says good bye to the girl and he leaves for home. Now that he is at home he seems more alone and bazaar as every he doesn’t feel like its his home, its seems alien, like a dream to him.


Smutty: "Then Leer and Tjaden stroll up; they look at the poster and immediately the conversation becomes smutty." (Remarque, Pg. 143)

Means: indecent or obscene

Writhes: "She sits long into the night although she is in pain and often writhes." (Remarque, Pg. 182)

Means: to twist, as in pain, struggle, or embarrassment

Paul puts on his old cloths and they seem weird to him but even though it seems weird Paul is trying to keep this human life within him before he goes back to the war. Paul sees some old friends and they seem funny to him after words he stops by Franz mother to say hello. She asks him questions about how Franz died and he tries to convince her that he died well with no pain. He returns home and starts to regret about even coming home and seeing everything that he used to have. Seeing things that he used to have and the loving memories of the past those memories hurt him because they are nice memories but he will have to leave again back to the terrors of war.

From this chapter I learn that if you get to used to something and he you return to what you use to have you have this pain deplevp inside. The pain of lost, the pain and the thoughts that you will never be the same. That you cann't go back to the way things were, you can never return to the past. Those memories can either be a pain, or they can be nice to think about, for Paul they are sad memories because he can never have them again. He has to go back to war, he has to back to the sounds of death. Paul can't stay home and be at peace, in fact he can never be at peace, even though he is at home, it doesn't seem right to him, it seems wierd, and over all it just seems like it isn't his home. This home of his is not here wear his mother is, and family is, his home is back on the front of the battlefield.

An innocent men heads towards the mouth of teorrism prepare to die, this man is Paul he heading out on to the battlefield ready to fight for his country. Unknowning if he will live or die he becomes a heor of war, he marches into the mouth of the skull unafarid and to deterime to do is job, as a soldier. Paul marches on that battlefield, mouth of teorrism not knowning if he will ever see his friends again. The skull reprensts the enemy's territory while Paul and his friends are the men marching into it with no regreats or fear, they march through the opening of the mouth unknowning if they will ever retrun alive.
Chapter 8:

Now that he still at home he walks by and he sees the men working as recruits getting ready to go to war. He thinks of the war and he starts to miss the battle field thinking that this home of his is unreal and that he misses his true place on the battle field. He feels weird about the peace from all the noise. He returns home and he learns that his mother went to the hospital because she is ill. He can’t do much to help them and it comes time to leave again to go back to war. As he goes on the train he says his last good byes to his family not knowing that he will ever see them again.


Grovelling: "Occasionally, when they are too grovelling, it makes a man mad and then he kicks them." (Remarque, Pg. 191)

Means: beg for someone's forgiveness

Dysentery: "But to wait for dysentry is not much of a life either." (Remarque, Pg. 193)

Means: an infectious disease marked by inflammation and ulceration of the lower part of the bowels

I think Paul doesn't feel like at home as he should feel like, he got so use to the battlefield that now that he is home, he feels wierd, and consern. Consern about where does he belong, does he belong on the battlefield or does he belong with his family at home. He walks around his home town wondering about how the war going, how his friends are doing, and he thinks about why am I here, in this town where there is no war. He feels like he doesn't belong, like he is in the way of his family and his friends. Paul is very confused at the moment he doesn't no were he belongs until it is time to leave, he realizes that even though this is his home where is family is. This is not the place were he belongs, this use to be his home, but it isn't any more, it is time for him to return to the true place he belongs and that is the battlefield.

This chapter shows that once you gotten to use to a habit, a life you can't change, sure you change but it will take a long time and you might start to think that you can't change. No matter how much you wish you can change, you can never change. Once you go to war it will always be with you, even if you return home war will still be on your mind and it will be in your eyes. Everything will seem weird to you, it will seem unreal, it will seem like a dream. I learn that once you lived in such a life you can't return to normal. I think Paul has realize this in this chapter that he will never be the same and that he can't return to normal but what will he do. Will he return home after the war, what will to him afterwards, even though he can't seem himself doing anything but being a soldier of war.

You can’t escape from war and this political cartoon displays that emotion, the wood represents everyone that is in the war and they wish it all to end but no one can reach for peace which is the water because they don't see it to be real. They see themselves only in war and the fire wood only sees its self as wood to be burn. The soldiers have to stay on the field and fight, the fire wood has to stay on the fire to be burned. They are so use to being on that battlefield that they can not consider themselves to be anywhere else. They survive on the battlefield but will they be able to survive again once they go home. Where there is no matter, will they be able to handle the pressure of not having war any more. Will they have be used to not war, I don't think so they will always be surround by war. Unable to see themselves anywhere else the soldiers stay on the battlefield to fight just like the foodwood will always burn and it will not be turn off until it blows away but, will it ever blow away.
Chapter 9:

Paul returns to the front and there is talk that they will be going to Russia. Paul goes to the front and he gets separated from his group and he meets a French men who is injure. Paul tries to help him and he shows compassion to him and he try’s to bind his bandages. He finds the French men’s wallet and he decides that he will write to his family to explain everything to them. Paul even started thinking that he will become a printer since he didn’t save this man life but he soon thinks that is crazy. Later he hears the sounds of his friends calling his name and he returns back with them to there hut.

Paul is able to show compassion to a human again he gains some of his humanity back even though he is an enemy he still helped him. That is really good news for Paul that he isn't to driven to war, that he isn't to use to war that he would kill that man immediately. This shows that he might just have a change to get back to normal, to go to a stage where he can get away from the war. If he just killed that French men it would prove that he had no humanity left but since he didn't kill that man it shows that there is still somthing human remaining within him.

Prosy: "His otherwise prosy fancy is blowing bubbles." (Remarque, Pg. 203)

Means: dull

Extenuation: "That is the result of all this leave, I plead in extenuation." (Remarque, Pg. 211)

Means: a partial excuse

This chapter displays to me that Paul still has a human side to him. That he hasn't lost all of his feelings, emotions, and his humanity. This chapter shows me that he still has compassion to save a human life even though it was enemy. I learn that even though you are at war you can still have some humanity within you. No matter how use you are to war, you can still gained back your humanity. There is still a chance for you to gain all of your humanity and feelings. There is still a chance that you will not turn crazy, not turn into a beast of war where you can't listen to anyone and just kill off the enemy. I learn that even though you are at war and your about to kill your enemy there is still room to show some compassion to the enemy because he is still human he is laying in the ground with a wound you just have to help him even though he might not do the same for you. Paul shows that he is still a human and that he hasn't turn into a complete beast of war.

This represents Paul and Kat because whenever they were doing something it was when they were together unless they got separated. No matter what happens they will be glued together and will always be best friends. They seem unseparable but when Paul has to go on leave they have to depart and go their separate ways for fourteen days. Kat never leaves Paul's side until the end when he gets shot in the head and dies straight forward.
Chapter 10:

Paul and his friends are stationed at a village and they live in a shed they sometimes get out to find food. They ate well like kings because they found 2 pigs, vegetables and they even made pancakes. One day while they were roaming the area, some airplanes appear and started bombing the area some of them got injure. They were then sent to a hospital were they would heal. Paul sat on the top bed and he even started to like a sister. At 7 o’clock in the morning the sisters would open there door for prayer. Paul threw a bottle out the door so they would close there door. A couple of days ago the man underneath him was bleeding really badly and no one could get up to get a nurse, in the morning a nurse came. The man was then sent to the dying room and his bed was replaced by a new man.

Paul is getting use to the pain from the war, and the pain from his injure. Paul is getting relaxed and feeling normal in the bed of the hospital. He sometimes thinks about escaping from his bed but he will only be put back into the war and he will have to fight again. The plus side to him being stuck in the hosptial is that he gets plunty of sleep and once he is done healing he will beable to storm out of there onto the battlefields. Paul is very consern about his friend who slept underneath he wonders if he is still a live, if he will ever see him again.


Provocation: "I am frightened and think quickly what I ought to do; for everyone knows that the surgeons in the dressing stations amputate on the slightest provocation." (Remarque, Pg. 242)

Means: something that instigates or irratates

Surreptitiously: "Now I see that he is tormenting me, he is merely raking about in the wound and looking up surreptitiously at me over his glasses." (Remarque, Pg. 243)

Means: acting in a stealthy way

I learn that even though you are at war you still deserve to have a break. I think that Paul has done a pretty good job at being a soldier and keeping his mind together at war. He goes thourgh hardships and some people can not handle the hardships that he went through they would have break. Paul is suffering the war here and there he shows some hope of humanilty left in him but there is always the beast of war. I learn that if you work hard and do your work then at then you deserve a break. You deserve a little vaction, and that is exactly what Paul is doing in the hospitial.

The man is like Paul who has just return from the war he is unable to stand the sounds of no war, so he plans for it all to end. Confused about his feels of being at home, feeling like an outsider and he feels weird about returning to his home town. His confused feelings is like the bomb unknowing when it will it exploded. Paul walks around the town it is like an alien world of no tension from war but no matter where he is. Paul still thinking about war and his life on the battle field. Paul is the crazy man holding the bomb, the bomb is his feelings, he doesn't know when it will go off. He doesn't really understand what is feelings really are, he missing the battlefield, or some times he wishes to remain at home but through it all he realizes that his true place is on the battlefield. War is a battlefield of emtions and terror, this poltical cartoon shows a man holding a bomb and it says that it wouldn't exploded in Amercia. Paul is that character but he doesn't known when the bomb of emotions will exploded. He is imbetween two things home and the battlefield, not knowning which one to pick, he returns to the battlefield where he feels like he belongs.
Chapter 11:

Paul is return to the front and the trenches. His friend Detering saw a couple getting married and he is starting to miss his home along with his wife. Berger went crazy and went off onto the battlefield to go help an injure dog. He got shot and one of the men went out to help him but he got shot as well. Miller died and he gave Paul his pocket book as well as Franz’s shoes. Summer of 1918 was the most bloody and most horrifying battle of all time. Kat got shot and Paul started carrying him back to safety but when he finally gets him to safety Kat is dead.


Banal: "If one wants to appraise it, it is at once heroic and banal - but who wants to do that?" (Remarque Pg. 272)

Means: devoid of freshness or originality

Armistice: "Wild, tormenting rumors of an armistice and peace are in the air, they lay hold on their hearts and make the return to the front harder than ever." (Remarque, Pg. 285)

Means: a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement of the warring parties

Paul feels horrible that one of his best friends has died. In this war he has lost his humanity and then gains it but only to lose it once again. No one can escape death and no one can escape war. Paul is very upset over the lost of his friend, Kat they have done many things together but now Kat is dead. Kat has died but his family doesn't know about it yet Paul is probably thinking about them and how they will react when they hear from him that Kat has died out on the fields.

I learn that you can't escape death, war, or fate these 3 things are all put together and you can't changed them, all you can do is move on to the future. War is a battlefield you can not take the chance of going out there with emotions in your heart. You have to go onto that battelfield with a stone face, show no emotions and do not let them get in your way of war because if you do they will only kill you. I learn that if you are afarid of something stand up don't be afarid of it, don't run away from it, take charge and crush your fears.

Revenge can back fire, Himmelstoss is like the 3 head man with all the weapons and the little baby is the gang of friends that gang up on Himmelstoss, to show him a piece of his own medicine. Just like it says, "wait tell the little guy grows up" now that the group as finally grown up they have seen war and death now that Himmelstoss has finally come onto the battle field they think he isn't worth giving him there attention. Remembering there revenge they used it to back fire it towards Himmelstoss, which leads Himmelstoss to fall apart as well as not being able to stand the front. Wait tell the little guy grows up well that is exactly what happens to the group they grow up with revenge and hatred in there hearts, which they used towards Himmelstoss for revenge. In the end the little guy that was bullied will take his revenge on the 3-headed man, like Paul and his friend's they take there revenge on Himmelstoss which for both of them the Himmelstoss and the 3-headed man will fall.

Chapter 12:

The end as come for Paul he was so sad because he was all alone. He was in a big class now only 7 remain. Paul stands up on the battle field ready for death. Paul is ready to leave this war and go to peace in heaven with the rest of his friends. A soldier states that when he died he had a calm and yet happy look on his face like he was sleeping.


Superfluous: "We will be superfluous even to ourselves, we will grow older, a few will adapt themselves, some others will merely submit, and most will be bewildered; - the years will pass by and in the end we shall fall into ruin." (Remarque, Pg. 294)

Means: being more than is required

Divinations: "It cannot be that it has gone, the yearning that made our blood unquiet, the unknown, the perplexing, the oncoming things, the thousand faces of the future, the melodies from dreams and from books, the whispers and divinations of women; it cannot be that this has vanished in bombardment, in despair, in brothels." (Remarque, Pg. 295)

Means: the art or act of telling future events

The pressure has finally took ahold of Paul, ready to have this war over he stands up waiting to be shot. Paul feelings are over whelming him wishing for this all to be over. He wishes to move on to have the war over and so that brings him to his end, his life is taken by the ghost/grim of anarchy.

I think this story is very effect because you start to think about how the person feels about how it was like to be at war and then you kind of see how it feels to see somebody you new die in front of you, it is very scary. I learned you have to respect and be happy about what you have because it can easily be taken away. I learn that nothing lasts for ever, in the end everything has to come to an end.
This woman crying represents Paul Baumer in a special way because when he lost Kemmerich and then Kat he wanted to cry but felt that he shouldn't. Even though he wanted to he didn't want to because he felt that he would be ridiculed on and wouldn't live up to the name that he had recieved. No matter what happens he will always remember them in his thoughts because they were his best friends and the only ones that he could talk to. He wants to go home and spend time with his mother before she passes away but instead decides to think of Kemmerich and Kat.

Trench Journal - Interview

If I had to ask questions then they would be the following:

1. Will you ever explain your actions to your children?
2. Do you trust your generals?
3. Have you ever thought about what you have in common with your enemies?
4. How do you define victory? fear?
5. How do you feel about peace and stability?

Trench Journal - Self Reflection

1. This project on All is Quiet on the Western Front taught me how one soldier has compassion and tries to save others when they need him but he is only one person so he can't do it all. I think that this taught me a lot and I would do it all over again if I had to.

2. Yes because it taught me about how soldiers are drafted into the war and they have to leave everyone and everything behind.

3. My work reflects my learning because when I write a paragraph I know what I am talking about and I just wouldn't put something down.

4. I learned that I have a lot of things to accomplish and that I need to respect people more becasue I get to see my friends and family everyday but soldiers fighting don't except for every fifteen to sixteen months.

5. I learned that war is not all fun and games and not everyone wants to go in because they fear that they are going to lose their lives just like anyone else. Life's lessons are taught because others don't want to see us get hurt so they try to protect us and we just don't know it.

Trench Journal - Writing Extensions

Dear Mom and Dad,

Since I have been away fighting in the war Paul Baulmer and I have gotten a lot closer as friends. He has my back and has helpped me when I needed him. I have gotten wounded in my leg and it is so painful that I am being rushed to the infirmary right as I am writing. I do no remember where I am, what I was doing to get hurt this badly and I don't even remember the other soldier's names except for Paul and Muller. I should have been more careful in whatever I was doing at that moment but instead I wasn't and did my own thing. I know I have to face consequences but I don't know what they are right now.

After I was checked into the infirmary and put into a bed I was not really cared for until the next day. Paul and my friend Muller came to visit me today and they were so thoughtfu to bring me my things. Before they came in to see me an orderlie stopped and told them that i had my leg amputated and this I did not know. While they were here I thought back to when I was with them roasting horse flesh and squatting in the shell holes. I also remember when you first brought me to the stationbefore we left and I was embarassed by you. That was when you told Paul to look after and take care of me and he agreed but now since my leg has been amputated and I am slowly fading away he feels he hasn't done his job.

Paul is really ashamed for not taking better care of me and he didn't have the heart to wirte you this letter to tell you that I was dieing. When my friend Muller comes and visits he watns the boots that you gave me but I tell him no because they remind me of you. I remember the last time I saw your face and you were a good plump matron but I have always loved you. I am in so much pain and I have caught a really bad fever so I don't think that I will be here much longer. I ended up telling Paul to give Muller the boots since I have no reason for them and he does. I am sorry I didn't inform you of this incident earlier but I didn't know how to, but I guess I will see you in heaven one day soon and please don't take your life to be with me.

Love your son,

I, Paul Baulmer, am frustrated with everything because my friend Kemmerich just died and it was my job to look after him for his mom but i feel like i didn't do my job. These lyrics describe me as a person because i dont want to show my frustration off to the other soldiers but at the same time i am protecting the country and have the world's weight on my shoulders.

I'm supposed to be the soldier who never blows his composure

Even though I hold the weight of the whole world on my shoulders

I am never supposed to show it, my crew ain't supposed to know it

During World War I other soldiers and I have given up and thought that we couldn't fight worth anything. Even though we have to fight everyday and take a chance of giving up we go out and protect our country. This piece of art reflects this chapter because the soldier is beat up and has all of these wounds just like Kemmerich had before he passed. Since the soldiers in the war with me are my brothers I have their backs and I help them whenever they need it. We can fight its just that other nations don't take the time to listen to what we have to say and look at what our structure is like.